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 Technical Guide > Control Components
 

Counters

 

OMRON provides Preset Counters, Totalizing Counters, Time Counters and Electromagnetic Counters.

 

Overview of Counters

 

. What is a Counter?


The term counter is derived from the word count. It is fairly simple for people to count ten or twenty objects, but larger numbers make counting increasingly difficult. Counters outperform people when it comes to counting accurately.

For example, the devices that are used by people on street corners to count pedestrians in traffic surveys are one type of counter. They are a good replacement for people because they accurately count pedestrians and remember the count even with very large numbers.


Image illustration

 

Some game machines accurately and automatically calculate the number of items you have won. It would be a significant problem for amusement businesses if they did not count accurately.

The basketball gaming machines at amusement parks count the number of baskets made within a certain amount of time.

Even here, Counters count with high accuracy to enable the machines to display the correct number of baskets.
 

Basketball Shooting Counting


The following example shows the use of Counters in automated machinery.
 


Pudding Production Line


Pudding Production Line

 

On a pudding production line, a Photoelectric Sensor detects the finished products. If the number three is preset in the Counter and it receives a Photoelectric Sensor signal three times, the Pusher (see note) pushes the three pudding containers into a box.

Note: Pusher: Pushing device
 


. Preset Counter


The following section describes the input, control, and output signal sequence in a boxing process.

Preset Counter

 

1. Input

Input

A Photoelectric Sensor is an input device that detects an object when that object blocks light. Each time the light is blocked, the Photoelectric Sensor sends a signal to the Counter.

 

2. Control

Control

 

Preset the number three in the Counter. The Counter will then count the number of signals from the Photoelectric Sensor and sends a signal to the Pusher (i.e., the output device) after the Counter receives a signal for the third time.

 

3. Output

Output

When the Pusher receives the output signal from the Counter, it pushes the three pudding containers into a box.

As you can see, the Counter is involved in every step of the input, control, and output signal sequence.



What is a Preset Counter?


A Preset Counter is a control device that counts the number of input signals until a preset value is reached. It then outputs a signal to activate the next output device.

See the following timing chart for the input and output signal timing in the boxing process for pudding.

Timing Chart



Description of the Timing Chart

1. When the first pudding container passes by the Photoelectric Sensor, the Sensor sends a signal to the Counter and 1 will be displayed.


Arrow


2. When the next pudding container passes by the Photoelectric Sensor, 2 will be displayed.


Arrow


3. When the third pudding container passes by the Photoelectric Sensor, 3 will be displayed. Because this number matches the set value, the Counter will output a signal.

The preset number is called the set value (or preset value). When that number is reached, a signal is output. This is often referred to counting up, but it means the same as timer setting or time up.
 


. Basic System Configuration


H7CX Digital Counter

H7CX Digital Counter

 

1. Display: Displays the Counter value.

2. Setting Area: Enters settings from the keys on the front panel.

3. Internal Circuits: The internal circuits count the number of input signals, compare the count to the set value, and then output a signal when the two values match.

 



Types of Counters

 

The term preset in Preset Counter means that you can set a value in advance. A Preset Counter may be one that counts up and outputs a signal at a predetermined point or it may be a Total Counter that strictly counts without outputting a signal. The Total Counter is often used when you only have to display a production count for example.

(Number of Puddings Counted)
Today's Production

The Counter uses a Photoelectric Sensor to count the number of puddings produced and then displays the number that it counted.

Counters are classified into two groups according whether they produce an output or not.

 

Preset Counters - Output a signal at a preset value; Total Counters - Display a count without outputting a signal.
 


 

Counter Glossary

 

Electronic Counter


A counter which mainly consists of transistors, ICs, micro-computers, etc.
Electronic Counter


Electromagnetic Counter
 

A counter which performs counting by energizing or de-energizing the built-in electromagnet.
 


Preset Counter


A counter whose control output operates when it counts up to a set value.
Preset Counter Operation
 


Totalizing Counter
 

A counter which indicates the total value of the counting inputs and is not provided with a control output.


Addition (Up/Incrementing) Counter


Addition (Up/Incrementing) Counter


Subtraction (Down/Decrementing) Counter
 

A counter with a subtract input and thus capable of counting in descending order.
Subtraction (Down/Decrementing) Counter


Up/Down Counter
 

A counter with the capability of counting in an ascending or descending order, depending on the up-down inputs. Also called a reversible counter.
Up/Down Counter - There are several input modes for addition or substraction.



Maximum Counting Speed
 

The maximum counting speed at which the display or output section of the counter operates accurately without miscounting. The maximum counting speed is expressed in units of counts per second (cps).


ON/OFF Ratio
 

The ratio of the ON signal time of a given input signal to the OFF signal time of the same input signal. The maximum counting speed of each counter is determined by a counting input signal with an ON-OFF ratio of 1:1.


Count input signal
 


Operating Mode
 

Control output patterns or display patterns that appear when counted up to the value set by the preset counter.

Examples:

N Mode
N Mode - Count value display: Held; Control Output: Held

C Mode
C Mode - Could value display: Instantaneous reset; Control output: one shot

Note: Refer to the description of each product for information on operation in other modes.
 


Stage
 

Number of preset values that correspond with the number of control outputs.

Example: Two-stage Counter
Two-stage Counter

 

Number of Digits


The maximum number of countable digits.


Display Method
 

The type of element used to display the counting results.

LED: Light emitting diode
LCD: Liquid crystal display

Note: Electromagnetic counters display results using a revolving mechanism with printed characters.


Externally Supplied Power
 

 

Power supplied from the counter to sensors that are used for counting or resetting. (Also called sensor power.)

Reset


To restore the counting, display and output sections of the counter, to their initial states.

Power Reset

To reset the counter by cutting off the operating supply voltage.

External Reset

To reset the counter by applying a specific signal to the reset input signal terminal.

Auto Reset

To reset the counter automatically with a signal generated from inside the counter.

Self-reset

To reset the counter by a signal generated by internal circuitry.

Manual Reset

To mechanically reset the counter by manual means.

Electromagnetic Reset

To electromagnetically reset the counter by applying a reset signal.

Counting Function

Refer to the following timing charts for the input modes of incremental, decrementing, and up/down (or reversible) Counters.
(These charts focus on the up/down input mode.).

Up/Down A Command Input
A Command Input diagram

Up/Down B Command Input
B Command Input diagram

Up/Down C Quadrature Input
C Quadrature Input diagram

Up/Down D Command Input
D Command Input diagram

Up/Down E Individual Input
E Individual Input diagram


Up/Down F Quadrature Input
Up/Down F Quadrature Input
 

Reference Material for Counters: Inrush Current

"---" indicates a constant current and therefore the corresponding values are omitted from the table. All the values are approximate values and should therefore only be used as a guide.

Model

Voltage

Applied voltage

Inrush current (peak value)

Time (see note)

 

H7CX-A Series

 

100 to 240 VAC

264 VAC

5.8 A

0.7 ms

24 VAC/12 to 24 VDC

26.4 VAC

10.4 A

1.2 ms

12 to 24 VDC

26.4 VDC

6 A

1.2 ms

H7CX-R Series

100 to 240 VAC

264 VAC

5.8 A

0.7 ms

24 VAC/12 to 24 VDC

26.4 VAC

10.4 A

1.2 ms

H7BX Series

100 to 240 VAC

264 VAC

7.6 A

2 ms

24 VAC/12 to 24 VDC

26.4 VAC

13.5 A

2 ms

H7AN Series

100 to 240 VAC

264 VAC

23 A

1 ms

12 to 24 VDC

26.4 VAC

15 A

4 ms

H7CN Series

100 to 240 VAC

264 VAC

800 mA

1 ms

12 to 48 VDC

52.8 VDC

400 mA

1 ms

H7E Series

---

---

---

---

H8BM-R Series

24 VDC

26.4 VDC

1.6 A

12 ms

CSK Series

All specifications

---

---

---


Note: The time of the inrush current is measured as shown in the following figure.

 

Time versus Inrush current

 

 

 

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